Math & Statistics


Online Calculators

CalculatorSoup. Mean, Median, Mode Calculator.

Calculator Soup. Online Calculators.

Kohn M.A., & Senyak J. (Nov. 4, 2020). Sample Size Calculators

Unit Conversions

DeWitt, T. (Sep. 12, 2012). Converting Units using Multiple Conversion Factors Part 1. YouTube.

DeWitt, T. (Sep. 12, 2012). Converting Units using Multiple Conversion Factors Part 2. YouTube.


Meeks, D. Excel Functions.


Dorazio, L. (June 4, 2019). TI-83/84 Guide for Introductory Statistics. San Francisco University High School.

Meeks, D. TI-84 Functions.

Statistical Software

Ba Tran, A. (2018). R for Journalists.

Charts & Graphs

Cairo, A. (Oct. 17, 2019). How Charts Lie. C-SPAN.

Gaslowitz, L. How to Spot a Misleading Graph. YouTube.

Glen, S. Misleading Graphs Real Life Examples. YouTube.

Journalist's Toolbox. Online Infographics.

Kealing Advanced Math 7. Misleading Graphs and Statistics. YouTube.

Mackey, R. (July 19 2020). Trump Holds Up a Chart on Fox News That Shows He's Lying, Then Lies About What It Says. The Intercept.

Basic Math

Biology Project. BioMath.

Cox, P. Math Mistakes.

Davies, K. (Dec. 11, 2019). Tackling Math Anxiety in Journalism Students.

Journalist's Toolbox. Math for Journalists.

Kilbridge, S. (Sep. 7, 2017). Newsroom Math Crib Sheet. National Center for Business Journalism.

Kille, L. W. (June 15, 2014). Math Basics for Journalists: Working with Averages and Percentages.

Krueger, V. (Jan. 13, 2016). Math for Journalists.

Martin, J. (Dec. 6, 2010). Journalists Need to Do the Math. Columbia Journalism Review.

MathIsFun. (2017). Accuracy and Precision.

Ultimate Guide. Numbers in Journalism.

Basic Statistics

Eberly College of Science. Empirical Rule. Penn State University.

Eberly College of Science. Introduction to Confidence Intervals. Penn State University.

Eberly College of Science. Statistics Online. Penn State University.

Hamer, A. (Aug. 1, 2019). Here's What a Chance of Rain Really Means.

Kille, L. W. (April 7, 2015). Statistics for Journalists.

Niles, R. Statistics for Writers.

Statistics How To. Statistics Basics.

Whitehead, J. C. An Introduction to Logistic Regression.


Politics & Polls

Berezow, A. (Dec. 14, 2019). Election Polls Should Report Confidence Intervals, Not Just Margins Of Error. American Council on Science and Health.

Poynter. (May 2, 2019). How Journalists Should Report on Political Polls.

Romeu, J. L. (Nov. 13, 2019). Statistics Expert: How to Make Sense of Political Polls.

Samohyl, R. (2020). Sample Size and Uncertainty When Predicting with Polls: The Shortcomings of Confidence Intervals. Survey Practice, 13(1).

Wilson, S. Calculating Poll Sample Sizes and Confidence Interval. Sonoma State University.

Sports Hockey Statistics Calculator.

DeMonte, D. (May 6, 2020). Beginner's Guide to Advanced Hockey Statistics. Northwestern Sports Analytics Group.

O'Connor, C. (Oct. 9, 2017). An Advanced Stat Primer: Understanding Basic Hockey Metrics. The Athletic.


Poynter. How to Make Sense of Numbers in Science and Health Reports.

Sullivan, L. Confidence Intervals. Boston University School of Public Health.


Journalist's Toolbox.

Denise Meeks,